Working towards the submission of a comic strips on the hybrid body, and initially a story board, in collaboration with an doctor in Medicine/illustrator, we are drawing hybrid characters and scenes of life. The drawings will be randomly posted on this blog. Purely imaginative they are also meant to sketch out scenes of hybrid life, in providing us in a quick visual manner through a few glimpses at what hybrid bodies are, their situations, the contexts and the underlined fantasies. We are aiming at giving wonders about what is at stake with hybridity.
This fantasmagoria about Mademoiselle Cy (2013) explores enhanced disability from another standpoint that is getting rid of the handicap stigmates – and even erotic . Indeed the technoscientific human is highlighted to start a process of destigmatization – people should not be stigmatized on the basis of handicap: the bionic figure of human is a third category that allows another anthropological reading. Nevertheless not all categories of handicap are concerned by this play of appearances.
This figure draws upon the life and work of Ayme Mullins, double leg amputee, sport champion and model. She has notably play in Cremaster III by Matthew Barney (2002).
Please feel free to post your comments, your drawings, your ideas; we will be very happy to post them – and probably to collect them for another publication in train on the collective imaginary on hybridity. Thanks!
The Human Brain Project (HBP) is a research project which aims to simulate the human brain with supercomputers to better understand how it functions. The end hopes of the HBP include being able to mimic the human brain using computers and being able to better diagnose different brain problems, as well as to reconstruct an entire arficial human brain!!!
It is directed by the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne.
It is supported by the European Union as a ‘FET Flagship’ project and the 86 institutions involved will receive 1 billion euro in funding over 10 years (01/2013).
The Human Brain project involves the deep ambition to fully understand the functional mechanisms of the human brain and to be able to build an artificial organ, notably after the Human genome project _HGP is an international scientific research project that started in 1989 with a primary goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA, and of identifying and mapping the approximately 20,000–25,000 genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint.
They started with the Blue Brain Project (2005), modelizing a rat brain to to create a synthetic brain by reverse-engineering the mammalian brain down to the molecular level.
Working with a Supercomputer centre, according to them, brain is a “magical machine”. So they work out on computer brain simulations of neurons.
Following a cartesian standpoint that puts the emphasis on the human body as a machine and underlying that mind and body are two distinct and separable substances. Indeed Descartes’ idea of the body being totally independent of the mind is known as the mechanistic view and draws upon a metaphysical dualism body/mind.
A brain-machine interface (BMI) is a system comprising a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device. Designing better interfaces: skin-like electronics. (Dr John Rogers, University of Illinois, 2011)
Bionic man at London science museum.
Created for a Channel 4 documentary (01/2013) to prove just how closely technology can emulate the human body, Rex – short for “robotic exoskeleton” – has been put together by the Shadow robotics company using artificial limbs and organs borrowed from the laboratories of leading scientists from as far afield as New Zealand and San Francisco.
As well as prosthetic arms and legs, he has a functioning heart, lung, kidney, pancreas and spleen, artificial arteries that carry man-made blood, and a microchip that interprets images and acts as a rudimentary eye.
Rex has been modelled on a Swiss social psychologist Bertholt Meyer, who is himself an arm-amputee, and has a face hatmakes him his twin brother at all. The cost of this first “bionic man” is about $ 1 million.
The matter in this painting was to express with a given group of individuals, eleven players on the field, lost limbs and reconstructed ones, following the range of possibilities plastic surgery practices offer: mechanical, myoelectrical, functional and/or aesthetical and bionic. The last “player” thanks to his numerous enhancements has already become a hybrid body, of which we don’t know anymore what is part of the human and what is part of the machine.
2009. Judith Nicogossian, From reconstruction to augmentation
From the non-reconstructed human body inscribed in early-Christianity where it was considered as an untouchable God’s creation to its reconstruction and then its plastic enhancement. This work with a left-arm amputee has allowed the visual comprehension of the lack of a limb, and then its plastic (aesthetical and functionnal) replacement towards its plastic augmentation.