Expérience Patient 1/2

Collaboration avec la MGEN et le site MMMieux

RÉSUMÉ:
La santé, et la notion de bien-être (selon la définition de l’OMS de 1946), amène une série de questionnements sur le corps humain, et sur sa relation à la nature et à l’environnement – nous interrogeons ici l’impact des pratiques culturelles de santé sur le corps de l’homme, et plus particulièrement l’expérience du patient dans un contexte de médecine prédictive.

Expérience patient – La médecine prédictive 1/2

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Book release: La norme du corps hybride

I am delighted to announce the release of the book (in French) La norme du corps hybride, drawn from my thesis in Cultural and Biological Anthropology (QUT, Brisbane and CNRS, France). The book is nicely illustrated by the physician Mélanie Sustersic. You will find few illustrations as attachments.

The book addresses fundamental topics with regard to the impact technologies and techniques have on the human body in health, the so-called hybrid body. This book proposes to unravel the different representations of the hybrid body and the projects that underpin them. It questions a unity of the hybrid being without falling into a reductionist vision of the refabrication of the human body; and gives an account of the adaptive possibilities of the human to the hybridization phenomena.

Thence this work concerns the fields of French studies, Philosophy (epistemology of the human body, phenomenology of perception), Cultural and Biological Anthropology (body-object, body-subject, body-project, adaptability to the prosthesis and auto-evolution), Anthropology in Health (patient-carer relationship and the notion of well-being), Art (the figure of hybridity) and Gender studies (Intersexuality).

Thank you!

The book can be found on the following link

http://www.editions-harmattan.fr/index.asp?navig=catalogue&obj=livre&no=50410

Kind Regard/ Cordialement

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Comic strip n°5 _ Lilou the hybrid model

 

I am an°1.TRES hybrid model _ fashion prosth show

Human fall- in love

montage BMIs lilou

VISUAL PROJECT

With this artwork I explore the scientific researches and debates that are at stake with the hybrid body, from the military, philosophical, medical and theceforth (bio)cultural viewpoints. To use the medium of the drawings and illustrations is not just for fun: it allows the viewers (dilettante) to get the point in a easier way. Lilou’s acts and thoughts, who is a hybrid model, and her numerous real-life experiments, is fiction; however it’s strongly connected to the philosophical, ethical and anthropological issues in regard with the human body of our time.Next to the drawings the reader will be provided with a brief comment on the real techniques and/or technologies developed in today’s world.

N°1. Alternative Limb Project provides unique prosthetics to blend in with the body or stand out as a unique piece of art, reflecting the wearer’s imagination, personality and interests.

N°2. The Terminator vision is a project led by the DARPA (Defence Advanced Project Agency from the Pentagon’s far-out research branch) that enhances the military vision. DARPA has unveiled in December 2010 the Soldier Centric Imaging via Computational Cameras effort, or SCENICC. Imagine a suite of cameras that digitally capture a kilometer-wide, 360-degree sphere, representing the image in 3-D onto a wearable eyepiece. DARPA is dealing with the notion of an enhanced human, rather than repaired or reconstructed, requiring biomaterials (reconstruction materials external to the human body). The need for such humans seems obvious for the military, who, according to Michael Clark Goldblatt of DARPA, consider that “the human has become the weakest link, both physiologically and cognitively” (Roco, 2002 : 337). This is because “military systems are limited in their performance by the inability of the human body to tolerate high levels of temperature, acceleration, vibration or pressure or by human requirements in air, water and food” (Roco, 2002 : 291). For this reason, DARPA finances scientific research into the enhancement of human functional performance, in order to increase the efficiency of the fighting soldier (rather than teach him how to play the piano), by giving him physiological and cognitive super-capacities, and to minimise or reduce conflict mortality rates. As early as 1964, the “human amplifier” project, designed by Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory for the US Department of Defence, was one of the early attempts to bring a cyborg to life, now echoed in its more recent version of a future warrior. DARPA is running many other military projects.

Comic strip 4. Hermaphroditus

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GENDER STUDIES
Hermaphroditus, the two-sexed child of Aphrodite and Hermes, “intersex” generic name (when there is a lack of concordance between the genetic sex and the anatomical one).

Intersex, in humans and other animals, is a variation in sex characteristics including chromosomes, gonads, and/or genitals that do not allow an individual to be distinctly identified as a male or female. Such variation may involve genital ambiguity and combinations of chromosomal genotype and sexual phenotype other than XY male and XX female. Intersex infants with ambiguous outer genitalia may be surgically corrected to more easily fit into a socially accepted sex category. Others may opt, in adulthood, for surgical procedures and/or hormonal treatments in order to align their physical sex characteristics with their gender identity [2] or the sex category to which they were assigned at birth. Others will never become aware that they are intersex _ unless they receive genetic testing _ because it does not manifest in their phenotype. Some individual may be raised as a certain sex (male or female) but then identify with another later in life while others may not identify themselves as either exclusively female or exclusively male.
Intersexuality as a term was adopted by medicine during the 20th century. Intersex conditions received attention from intersex activists, who criticized traditional medical approaches in sex assignment and sought to be heard in the construction of new approaches. The passports and identification documents of some nationalities (Australian first in 2011) have adopted “X” as a valid third category besides “M” (male) and “F” (female).

Research in the late 20th century has led to a growing medical consensus that diverse intersex bodies are normal forms of human biology 1/2000 births in the world (that’s an impressive number). Contrary to Western common belief, there are no just two sexes, although the term third gender and third sex describes individuals who are categorized by their will or by social consensus as neither man or woman, while on top of the male and female categories there are three major sub-groups at least! [2] Nevertheless France, the Swiss Ethical committee and United Kingdom have just rejected the possibility of the third category “X” besides “M” and “F” on identification documents. In France it is even worse, we still assign a sex category at birth, while in Swiss they wait until the biological maturity of the child to let him/her choose a sex category.

[1] See the work of Pr John Money, a psychologist sexologist and author specializing in research into sexual identity and biology of gender; the term “gender” was coined first time by him as the “psychological sex”.
[2] See the seminal work of Pr Anne Fausto-Sterling “The five sexes…” http://capone.mtsu.edu/phollowa/5sexes.html